SoNaRR2020: Marine

This chapter assesses the progress towards the sustainable management of natural resources in the marine ecosystem

The Welsh inshore marine area extends from the mean high-water mark to 12 nautical miles. It covers just under 15,000 square kilometres or 41 % of the territory of Wales. This assessment of the marine ecosystem includes marine water quality, intertidal and subtidal habitats and the species found within them.

Marine natural resources deliver a range of benefits and opportunities, supporting economic activities including:

  • Aggregate (sand and gravel) extraction
  • Ports and shipping
  • Aquaculture and fishing
  • Marine renewable energy from the wind and tide

The marine environment in Wales provides critical services to human health and well-being including:

  • Carbon sequestration (removal and storage) by marine habitats
  • Natural flood defence and mitigation
  • Potential for habitat restoration and associated benefits

The intrinsic value of the marine environment links directly to social opportunities and well-being benefits from recreation, tourism, and other activities.

What's available now

The headline messages, through the pressures, impacts and opportunities for action are summarised in the appropriate natural resource register.

What's coming in March 2021

The full chapter will follow in March 2021.

The chapter will highlight the various pressures impacting on the status, extent, condition, and diversity of the marine environment, and the opportunities to improve the resilience of marine ecosystems and secure well-being benefit for society.

A description of additional evidence needed for the assessment will also be published.